### Papers on the universe

These papers are intended to establish a new paradigm for the
universe. In this paradigm the universe is long-lived (several orders
of magnitude greater than the current estimate for its age) and
homogeneous in the large (in both space and time). There is no big
bang. The main hypothesis is that the centre of a normal galaxy
contains a hypermassive black hole of mass around 10^{12}
solar masses. [The conventional terminology `black hole' for a
hypermassive object is unfortunate as it is already clear that such
objects are anything but black. However it is well established and we
continue to use it.] The centre generates the spiral arms by a
process whereby matter is ejected from the centre and condenses into
solar systems. This implies that stars in the arms are moving
outwards along the arms and it is this movement that maintains the
shape of the arms and the long-term appearance of the galaxy.
There is a quick introduction to some of the main ideas of the new
paradigm in the
talk
that I gave at Robert MacKay's 60^{th} birthday conference.

The main work is now contained in a series of five papers, called
"Sciama's principle and the dynamics of galaxies". I recommend that
you continue by reading these in order. They are:

I: Sciama's principle

II: The rotation curve

III: Spiral structure

IV: Observations

V: Cosmology

Mathematica notebooks supporting the main series can be found here:

Mathematica notebooks

For an overview at a less technical level, read the book proposal:

Book proposal

Other papers:

Three joint papers with Robert MacKay, which give an explanation for redshift
consistent with the paradigm and suggest a non-cataclysmic explanation
for gamma ray bursts:

Natural flat observer fields in
spherically-symmetric space-times (with Robert MacKay) J Phys A:
Math Theor 48 (2015) 225204

Natural observer fields and
redshift (with Robert MacKay) J Cosmology 15 (2011) 6079--6099

Gamma ray bursts (with Robert MacKay)
Palestinian J Math 5(Spec.1) (2016) 175--197

A joint paper with Robert MacKay and Rosemberg Toala Enriques, which
provides a model for quasars with intrinsic (gravitational)
redshift:

Black holes, redshift and quasars

Some supporting notes:

Notes on de Sitter space

Uniqueness of spherically-symmetric vacuum
solutions to Einstein's equations

A paper proving that much of the observed redshift in quasars is
gravitational and not cosmological:

Intrinsic redshift in quasars